How CBD oil is made

CBD stands for cannabidiol and is one of the many chemical compounds found in hemp and cannabis plants. CBD oil is created by extracting cannabidiol from the flowers and leaves of hemp or cannabis plants. The first step in making CBD oil is to plant the hemp seeds. The seeds can be planted very close together, which makes efficient use of the land available. In our cannabidiol facility, based in Lugano, in the Canton of Ticino, we have xxxx m2 and can plant up to xxxx plants every year. The harvesting begins in xxxx and plants take xxxx weeks/months to grow.

Once the plant has been harvested, it’s time for it to be cured or, in our case, air-dried in our facilities, a process that can take up to four weeks. The highest concentration and quality of cannabidiol is found in the flowers. Once these have been removed from the plant, our team extracts the cannabinoids.

There are many ways to extract cannabinoids. The most effective, cleanest and safest is the CO2 method, which uses carbon dioxide under high pressure and extremely low temperatures to isolate, preserve and maintain the purity of the medicinal oil. This method is preferred because it best preserves the natural aroma, flavour and terpenes of the cannabis plant.

A very common extraction method uses ethanol to extract the CBD oil from the hemp flowers. Although this is a natural process, it carries the risk of weakening natural aromas and terpenes and can pull more water-soluble components from the plant, such as chlorophyll.

A more ‘do-it-yourself’ extraction method is boiling the flowers in oils (such as olive oil).

Once the CBD oil has been extracted, the next step is to combine it with other desired ingredients, flavours or carrier oils, which allow for maximum absorption of CBD in the body. One such carrier oil is MCT.

MCT stands for medium-chain triglycerides, a fat that can be found in palm oil and some dairy products, but the best source is coconut oil. It’s known for its wellness properties and is easily and quickly absorbed in the body. A good source of energy, it is also used by sportspeople to help improve endurance.

Last, but not least, it’s time to lab-test – all oils are tested for purity and potency. This step is essential and ensures that every process has been carried out correctly and that the oil extracted is of the best quality.

It is very important that cannabis products have a COA (certificate of analysis) – this is a verified report that provides details on the cannabinoids, terpenes and contaminants present or absent in the product. The COA will verify that the CBD product has the legal amount of THC and that it does not contain dangerous substances and compounds, such as heavy metals, bacteria and pesticides.

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